Authored by American diplomat Joel Barlow in 1796, the following treaty was sent to the floor of the Senate, June 7, 1797, where it was read aloud in its entirety and unanimously approved. John Adams, having seen the treaty, signed it and proudly proclaimed it to the Nation.
Art. 11. As the Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion; as it has in itself no character of enmity against the laws, religion, or tranquillity, of Mussulmen; and, as the said States never entered into any war, or act of hostility against any Mahometan nation, it is declared by the parties, that no pretext arising from religious opinions, shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries.
Signed and sealed at Tripoli of Barbary the 3d day of Junad in the year of the Hegira 1211 corresponding with the 4th day of November, 1796, by
JUSSOF BASHAW MAHOMET, Bey.
AMET, Minister of Marine.
GALIL, General of the Troops.
MAHOMET, Commander of the City.
ALLY, Chief of the Divan.
Signed and sealed at Algiers, the 4th day of Argill, 1211corresponding with the 3rd day of January, 1797, by
HASSAN BASHAW, Dey,
And by the agent Plenipotentiary of the United States of America,
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