RE: Any arguments for monotheism over polytheism? (OR Vice Versa)
Polytheism is a consequence of the ontological argument:
There exists a being greater than which nothing can be conceived.
It is greater to exist in multiple forms/persons than in one.
Therefore this being exists in multiple forms/persons.
Polytheism is the only path to knowledge of the greatest being - this knowledge is preserved in great religious traditions like advaita vedanta, the presocratic Greeks, the Orphics, the Neoplatonists, Slavic polytheism, etc. Monotheism blinds us by positing duality between god and creation, where the Supreme Reality is nondual.
Why have a god for healing, strength, fortune when you could have a God for all the above?
That God doesn't exist, is not worthy of worship (created evil in Isaiah 45:7) and his scriptures contradict themselves.
Our gods create no evil, are good, true and beautiful, uphold an order to the cosmos and are all valid paths to spiritual fulfillment.
The Gods have power independent of human belief, for they are infinite and self-sustaining and unmoved and unerring and beings without needs.
What if the gods dislike each other?
Myths have hidden meanings which much be correctly interpreted through reason. So just because two gods fight in a myth doesn't mean, speaking theologically, that they are actually in conflict. There is no conflict among the divine.
If all the gods work together then what’s the point of having so many?
1) They exist.
2) Just as the cosmic order is multifaceted and dynamic, so too is the divine realm which sustains it.