Science is not an exact science.
If you look at the embarrassingly troubled history of climate change you'll find that the path from 60s to now (global cooling, global warming, climate change, climate chaos, global warming again) all have the same answer: ban evil oil.
Once you realize this, it becomes clear the whole this is a justification. Aka "hypothesis over findings" or "truth over facts" as Biden would say.
Really it's weaponized statistics.
But with the pretense of "science" people use it the same way puritan zealots religiously pushed their baseless fears into actionable destruction.
... like how anyone who dares question the stats of the pandemic is a heretic who must be silenced.