Women often have to work twice as hard to be seen as half as good as men. Men are just assumed to know what they are doing, while women are assumed to be cleaner or secretary, when they are the head of the science department.
(An old boss of mine constantly asked me (and not the three guys in the department) to do spread-sheets and lists and other secretarial work, even though I was the only one who had a degree in what our department does. (I don’t mean anything demeaning about secretaries, they work really hard in general. They simply have other expertise than I do.))
If anything, it’s men that get the job because of their nob and nothing else.
Affirmative actions are simply counter actions against the constant affirmative action in favor of white men with European heritage.