George Pell sentenced to six years' jail for sexually abusing two choirboys
Cardinal George Pell has been sentenced to six years' jail for sexually abusing two choirboys when he was Catholic archbishop of Melbourne in the 1990s.
Pell, 77, was found guilty by a jury last December of sexually abusing the choirboys after a Sunday mass in December 1996 and then assaulting one of them a second time two months later.
The man who was once Australia's most powerful Catholic sat in the dock dressed in a black shirt and a grey blazer, without a clerical collar, as County Court Chief Judge Peter Kidd delivered his sentence.
The chief judge described Pell's abuse of two choirboys in the sacristy at St Patrick's Cathedral as "a brazen and forcible sexual attack on the victims".
"The acts were sexually graphic, both victims were visibly and audibly distressed during the offending," he said.
"There is an added layer of degradation and humiliation that each of your victims must have felt in knowing that their abuse had been witnessed by the other."
"There was a clear relationship of trust with the victims and you breached that trust and abused your position to facilitate this offending," the chief judge said.
"I would characterise these abuses and breaches as grave."
Pell will serve a minimum of three years and eight months in jail before he will be eligible for parole.
He continues to deny he sexually abused the boys and has lodged an appeal against his conviction on three grounds, including that the jury verdict was unreasonable.
'Breathtakingly arrogant' offending
Chief Judge Kidd said the power imbalance between the victims and Pell as a senior church official was "stark".
"The brazenness of your conduct is indicative of your sense of authority and power in relation to the victims," he said.
"You may have thought you could control the situation by reason of your authority, as archbishop, whether or not that belief was well-founded.
"Such a state of mind would have been extraordinarily arrogant, but the offending which the jury has found you have engaged in was in any view breathtakingly arrogant."
The chief judge said Pell's abuse had had a "significant and long-lasting impact" on the wellbeing of one of his victims, whom he referred to as J.
"J has experienced a range of negative emotions which he has struggled to deal with for many years since this offending occurred
he has found it difficult because of issues of trust and anxiety.
"I take into account the profound impact your offending has had on J's life."
The chief judge said he did not have the benefit of a victim impact statement from his other victim, referred to as R, who died of a heroin overdose in 2014 and never reported the abuse.
"However on the basis of J's account at trial I am able to say your offending must have had an immediate and significant impact on R," Chief Judge Kidd said.
"Whilst it is not possible for me to quantify the harm caused, or articulate precisely how it impacted on R in the long run, I have no doubt that it did in some way."
The chief judge gave permission for the hearing to be broadcast live by media outlets and the court room was packed with abuse survivors, advocates and journalists.
Pell's crimes committed at cathedral
The court heard that Pell abused the choirboys, who cannot be identified, after celebrating one of his first Sunday masses as archbishop at St Patrick's Cathedral in East Melbourne.
He caught them drinking altar wine in the priest's sacristy, which was off limits to the choir.
One of the former choirboys gave evidence Pell had planted himself in the doorway and said something like "what are you doing here?" or "you're in trouble".
The then-archbishop moved his robes to expose his penis and forced one of the boys' heads down towards it.
The trial heard one of the choirboys asked: "Can you let us go? We didn't do anything."
But instead Pell moved onto the other choirboy. He pushed the boy's head down to his crotch and orally raped him.
After a few minutes, Pell ordered the boy to remove his pants and then molested him as he masturbated.
Pell abused that boy a second time two months later, after another Sunday mass when he pushed him up against the wall of a corridor in the back of the cathedral and groped him briefly.
Evidence of the abuse came from that former choirboy alone, who was the victim of two assaults.
The Court of Appeal is expected to hear Pell's appeal over two days in June.